Tuesday, May 5, 2009

Day 1 of Excavations

We had a great first day of excavation at the Magruder House. We started the day with setting up our equipment and laying out shovel test pits (STPs) throughout the yard. STPs are approximately 1 foot diameter holes dug at 25 foot intervals to serve as a "window" into the ground. The soil is screened for artifacts. Larger test units are placed based on quantity and type of artifacts found in the STP, as well as based on the deposit of soil layers.

Today we were able to complete the excavation of all twenty STPs. Certain areas appear promising for late 18th - early 19th century artifact deposits now that we know what areas were affected by road construction, grading, etc. Some notable artifact finds included a complete pocket knife and and the head of a Dutch girl figurine. At the end of the day, two 5ft x 5ft test units were placed in the backyard near the former kitchen. Tomorrow we'll dive deeper into these test units and give an update as to what is found.


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